Member log in

Forgot your password? | Not a member? Join now

Ebola outbreak: 'Thousands of orphans shunned'

 

A child at an Ebola unit in Liberia, 27 September 2014 Liberia has been worst-hit by Ebola, accounting for 1,830 deaths

At least 3,700 children in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone who have lost one or both parents to Ebola this year face being shunned, the UN children's organisation has said.

Carers were urgently needed for these orphans, Unicef said.

A basic human reaction like comforting a sick child has been turned "into a potential death sentence", it added.

The World Health Organization (WHO) says more than 3,000 people have died of Ebola in West Africa.

It is the world's most deadly outbreak of the virus.

Start Quote

The fear surrounding Ebola is becoming stronger than family ties”

Manuel Fontaine Unicef

The figure on the number of Ebola orphans follows a two-week assessment mission by Unicef to the three countries worst-affected by the outbreak. An earlier version of this story said that 4,900 children had lost parents but the correct figure is 3,700.

It found that children as young as three or four years old were being orphaned by the disease.

Children were discovered alone in the hospitals where their parents had died, or back in their communities where, if they were lucky, they were being fed by neighbours - but all other contact with them was being avoided.

A man carries disinfected boots of medical staff members taking care of patients suffering from Ebola, at the  Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) centre in Monrovia on 27 September 2014 The boots of health workers must be disinfected

"Thousands of children are living through the deaths of their mother, father or family members from Ebola," Unicef's Manuel Fontaine said in a statement.

"These children urgently need special attention and support; yet many of them feel unwanted and even abandoned.

"Orphans are usually taken in by a member of the extended family, but in some communities, the fear surrounding Ebola is becoming stronger than family ties."

line

Ebola quarantine

Liberia's chief medical doctor Bernice Dahn tells the BBC about the challenges of her self-imposed 21-day quarantine, after one of her assistants died from the deadly Ebola virus:

"It is the right thing to do and to send a strong message to the Liberian people. If we were just disciplined enough and everybody was obeying rules, we wouldn't be here today.

I'm sleeping in a room all by myself - my husband has moved into the guest room. At home I use my own utensils, I disinfect them myself so others don't get infected.

Physically I am fine, mentally like any other human being [there is] the fear of the unknown.

My husband… my children have been supportive. The difficulty is the way we used to sit down in the evening, everyone watched TV together laughing and joking. These days they are in their rooms to watch their own TV and I'm in my room to watch mine.

I have my grandson here who I can't hold. He will walk to me and I will tell him: 'Go back to your mummy.'"

line
Kumba Fayiah, 11, sits with relatives in her St Paul Bridge home in Monrovia, Liberia. She lost both parents and her sister and has, recovered from the Ebola virus and is now living with her extended family Not all children are rejected - this 11-year-old Liberian girl lost her parents, has survived Ebola and is living with her extended family in Monrovia

The number of Ebola orphans has spiked in the past few weeks and preliminary reports suggest that it is likely to double by mid-October, Unicef said.

There was an urgent need to establish a system for identifying and caring for Ebola orphans, it added.

Unicef will be holding a meeting on the issue in Sierra Leone next month but before then it wants potential carers to come forward.

"Ebola is turning a basic human reaction like comforting a sick child into a potential death sentence," Mr Fontaine said.

"We cannot respond to a crisis of this nature and this scale in the usual ways. We need more courage, more creativity, and far far more resources."

Ambitious targets

Meanwhile, the head of the new UN mission to combat Ebola says there needs to be significant progress in fighting the disease within the next 60 days.

Anthony Banbury said 70% of infected people should be receiving treatment and 70% of burials should be done safely within that period.

"It's an extremely ambitious target and the only way it will be achieved is through this international effort," he told reporters.

The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon set up the UN Mission on Ebola Emergency Response earlier this month.

line

Ebola virus disease (EVD)

Ebola virus
  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage
  • Spread by body fluids, such as blood and saliva
  • Fatality rate can reach 90% - but current outbreak has mortality rate of about 70%
  • Incubation period is two to 21 days
  • There is no proven vaccine or cure
  • Supportive care such as rehydrating patients who have diarrhoea and vomiting can help recovery
  • Fruit bats, a delicacy for some West Africans, are considered to be virus's natural host

Ebola virus: Busting the myths

Join today graphic

Give a child a the gift of love this Mother's Day

You can help a child without a family, by helping us help families who are opening their hearts and lives to give a child in need a permanent and loving home.

Please click on the above button to donate to GiFT Growing International Families Together International Adoption Agency - together we can give children back their lives through the love of international adoption.


We thank you for making a difference – our most popular donations are £10, £50 and £100 - every Pound goes to changing a child's life forever

Thank you for your kindness and generosity

IAG Blog

Nicole Kidman on Lion and adoption: 'It's about the simplicity of love'


Published - Jan 16, 2017

It's a New Year!


Published - Jan 09, 2017

Identity


Published - Mar 23, 2016

Adoption News

Why UK has low Inter country adoption numbers


Published - Mar 23, 2017

Nepal to begin process to ratify Hague Convention


Published - Mar 14, 2017